Since the end of 2016, the English-speaking regions of Cameroon have witnessed tremendous violence and unrest in what is today known as the Anglophone Crisis. This conflict has placed Cameroon at war with socio-economic and psychological challenges, leading to several thousands of Anglophone Cameroonians becoming refugees in neighboring countries or Internally Displaced Persons (IDPs) in safer towns within the country. Moreover, it has caused untold suffering to populations of the two English regions, resulting in a spill-over effect to other regions, especially the West, Center, and Littoral regions, becoming the new Eldorado of victims of the crossfire.
The United Nations Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs (OCHA) estimated 437,000 IDPs in Cameroon. Amongst these figures are 246,000 Cameroonians in the Southwest Region, 105,000 in the Northwest Region, 86,000 in the Littoral and 35,000 in the West Region. In a report on the Crisis in the North West and South West, the OCHA, under a section dedicated to the Humanitarian Need and Response, argue that the majority of the IDPs in Cameroon are women and children, and the Humanitarian response provided so far does not meet their identified needs.
An assessment carried out by different stakeholders have identified needs across sectors, with the most acute being in protection, Food security and Shelter. It can, however, be noted that the situation has evolved over the years, mindful of the Situation report update of the OCHA of March 2021. Notwithstanding, much still needs to be done to rescue the victims of this Crisis in providing basic needs, especially during this challenging context of the COVID-19 pandemic.